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Seiko Epson Corporation, or Epson, is a Japanese company and one of the world's largest manufacturers of inkjet, matrix and laser printers, scanners, desktop computers, projectors, home cinema, televisions, robots, industrial automation equipment, POS, cash registers, laptops, integrated circuits, LCD components and other electronic components. The company has traditionally manufactured watches since its foundation and is one of the three core companies of the Seiko Group. Based in Nagano Prefecture, Japan, they have numerous subsidiaries around the world.
In 1961 Seiki Co., Ltd. was established as a subsidiary of Suwa Seikosha to provide precision parts for Seiko watches. When the Seiko group was selected as the official timekeeper at the Tokyo Olympics in 1964, they were required to develop a recording system to measure the time of sporting events, and Shinshu Seiki began the development of an electronic printer. In September 1968, Shinshu Seiki launched the world's first mini-printer, the EP-101, which was soon incorporated into many calculators. In June 1975, the name Epson was coined after the next generation of the EP-101 was released to the public (the "Son of EP-101" became "EP-Son" to "Epson"). In April of the same year, Epson America Inc. was established to sell printers for Shinshu Seiki Co.
Epson Stylus C92.
In June 1978, the TX-80 80-column matrix printer was launched, and was used primarily as a system printer for the Commodore PET computer. After two years of further development, an improved model, the MX-80, was launched in October 1980, becoming the best-selling printer in the United States.
In November 1981, Epson introduced the world's first truly portable computer weighing 1.6kg, the Epson HX-20, featuring a full-size keyboard. Two Hitachi 6301 CPUs running at 0.614MHz, an LCD display (20 X 4 characters), matrix printer, storage device, RS232 serial port, 16KB RAM (maximum 32KB) and rechargeable batteries. Microsoft BASIC was pre-loaded on the ROM.
In July 1982, Shinshu Seiki officially changed its name to Epson Corporation and launched the world's first handheld computer, the HX-20 (HC-20), and in May 1983 the first portable colour LCD TV.
In November 1985, Suwa Seikosha Co., Ltd. and Epson Corporation merged to form Seiko Epson Corporation, since that year, Televisión Nacional de Chile uses these computers for the Jury of the Viña del Mar International Song Festival, until 1993, when Mega takes over the transmission.
The company developed the Micro Piezo inkjet technology, which uses a piezoelectric crystal in each nozzle and does not heat the ink in the print head to project it onto the page, and launched the MJ-500 (Epson Stylus 800) inkjet printer in March 1993. Shortly afterwards, in 1994, Epson launched the first high-resolution colour inkjet printer (considering 720 x 720 dpi as high resolution), the Epson Stylus Color (P860A). This printer also used Micro Piezo technology.
Epson Stylus Color 777.
By 1994 Epson parts were being sold in retail shops in the USA. In 1994 Epson started the Weekend Warrior sales program. The purpose of the program was to help improve sales, enhance the sales representative's knowledge of Epson products and improve customer service. Representatives were assigned weekend shifts of between 12 and 20 hours. Epson began the Weekend Warrior program with TMG Marketing (now Mosaic Sales Solutions), later with Keystone Marketing Inc. then with Mosaic until the contract expired on 24 June 2007 and is now represented by Campaigners Inc.
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